The Beast, 666, to be revealed?

Who is the Beast?. Does anybody know? Many claims were made endowed with this knowledge and are passionate to a fault.

The description is in Revelations 13:18,Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six.

This is gematria, a Hebrew alphanumeric code of assigning a numerical value to a name, word or phrase based on its letters, that has been used by many cultures, including Egyptian and Greek. This “number of a man” is traditionally assigned to Nero Caesar.

Some claim it to mean Sunday worship. While others see this as “Bismillah” the Arabic language for swearing one’s allegiance to Allah and purportedly on the forehead, hands and flag of Islam.

As to whether the Hebrew translation adds up to 666 or 616 is numberphile and can refer to many others. “As the boys from Numberphile explain, 666 doesn’t really have any remarkable mathematical properties, but if you look back into its history, it reveals something pretty incredible about the way the Bible was originally written.

Points to identify the Beast

All the claims to date as to who the Beast is, strain credulity and are over the top. No one now truly knows his identity because the revelation of this “man-of-sin” (son of perdition) will still be in the future”.

Consider the following identifying points:

1. This “man-of-sin” will come at “end times” when ten horns/kings appear. The realization of “ten horns/kings” was not yet in John’s time. And , they will have future power only for “one hour”?

Revelations 17:12 The ten horns you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but who for one hour will receive authority as kings along with the beast.”

2. Three of the ten horns will be replaced by a “little horn” to assume the leadership of the Beast and he will end up in “Gehenna fire”.

Notice the following verses:

Daniel 7:7-11 “After this I kept looking in the night visions, and behold, a fourth beast, dreadful and terrifying and extremely strong; and it had large iron teeth. It devoured and crushed and trampled down the remainder with its feet; and it was different from all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns. While I was contemplating the horns, behold, another horn, a little one, came up among them, and three of the first horns were pulled out by the roots before it; and behold, this horn possessed eyes like the eyes of a man and a mouth uttering great boasts… Then I kept looking because of the sound of the boastful words which the horn was speaking; I kept looking until the beast was slain, and its body was destroyed and given to the burning fire

2 Thessalonians 2:1-3Now, brethren, concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering together to Him, we ask you, not to be soon shaken in mind or troubled, either by spirit or by word or by letter, as if from us, as though the day of Christ had come. Let no one deceive you by any means; for that Day will not come unless the falling away comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition,” (NKJV)

2 Thessalonians 2:3Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;”

2 Thessalonians 2:3 Don’t let anyone deceive you in any way, for that day will not come until the rebellion occurs and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the man doomed to destruction.

3. This little horn king will torment the “holy people of God” for 3 1/2 years.

Daniel 7:25 He will speak against the Most High and oppress his holy people and try to change the set times and the laws. The holy people will be delivered into his hands for a time, times and half a time”

Observe that this “time, times and a half” coincide with the Beast, woman/church and 2 witnesses:

Revelations 12:6 The woman fled into the wilderness to a place prepared for her by God, where she might be taken care of for 1,260 days.”

Revelations 12:14 And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.”

Revelations 11:3 And I will appoint my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth.”

Note: The “time, times and a half “ have also been interpreted as “2,500 years”, which most likely do not apply to this “little horn’s” rule.

King of the North vs King of the South

The “little horn” and the “King of the North” maybe one and the same to be revealed at the end time. Both will enter Jerusalem.

Daniel 8:9 Out of one of them came another horn, which started small but grew in power to the south and to the east and toward the Beautiful Land.”

In Daniel 11:40-41’we read: “At the time of the end the king of the South shall attack him; and the king of the North shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter the countries, overwhelm them and pass through. He shall also enter the Glorious Land [the area of Jerusalem], and many countries shall be overthrown”.


There are claims and there will be more as to the identity of the Beast and counting of 666 into the name. But, let us not jump into it so readily and instead hearken to the advice of Paul in:

2 Thessalonians 2:1-3Now, brethren, concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering together to Him, we ask you, not to be soon shaken in mind or troubled, either by spirit or by word or by letter, as if from us, as though the day of Christ had come. Let no one deceive you by any means; for that Day will not come unless the falling away comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition,” (NKJV)

Watch the future for the revealing of the identity of the Beast, little horn, king of the north to coincide with the 2 witnesses and the safety, protection of the Church.

God bless 👍🙏😇

Original post: March 31, 2021

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Gun violence, what to do with the mind where evil may reside?

Recent shooting that resulted in deaths in suburban Atlanta, Boulder Colorado, Gilroy, CA “Garlic Festival“, El Paso Texas and Dayton Ohio re-ignited the call for “what to do“. Advocates of 2A right and gun-control groups will again surface that will fan the flame and stoke the fire on an already “toxic environment” we find ourselves in. Finger-pointing will be right-on-the-heels before the day is out. A well-known aphorism will again be quoted that the “only way to stop a bad guy with a gun is a good guy with a gun”.

And that begs the question: Do guns, by themselves, kill? Of course not but should some type of guns be banned? If so, some argue that other means to kill may have to be banned as well, like knives, cars that mowed down crowds, stones and even fists…sound ridiculous, indeed.

Taking extreme scenarios from both ends of the spectrum, history shows people kill even before there were guns. Remember, Cain killed Abel without using guns. But, at least, why not ban assault rifles? Some argue that on having the most destructive “weapons of war“, during the height of “nuclear race“ between USA and USSR, there was no exchange of nuclear missiles against each other because of MAD (mutually assured destruction) which was an effective deterrent that led to “detente“. Sen. Lindsay Graham has semi-automatic rifle for self-defense in “apocalyptic scenarios” (never used it for offense), should his weapon be confiscated or banned?

On the other hand, statistics show that gun violence not only increased in frequency but also in severity and lethality according to this opinion, that should give gun–rights advocates an occasion to pause regarding “assault weapons and gun themselves“. Yes, we are no longer under England’s monarchical rule to justify a “militia”. Already, we have a Constitutional Republic with 3 branches of government equal in powers to balance each other; powers delegated by the people in every election; we can change representatives and current laws that we don’t like and are not workable. Still, others maintain that realistically and urgently we need to do something.

While there are certainly measures like “universal background check” that can be implemented, still it has its own shortcomings, like a “mentally competent or law-abiding person” may become violent later. Likewise, “Red Flag law“, aka ERPO or GVRO can complement the preceding UBC, although it has its own unique detractors invoking violation of 2A right to bear arms and 4A right to due process. POTUS45 appears to support those initiatives. Notably, in response to the Las Vegas shooting, bump stocks have been prohibited by executive order of Pres. Trump. If “bump stocks” that enhance lethality of guns can be prohibited with Executive Order, what about assault/automatic weapons that discharge many bullets/minute? Others cite danger of false claim, like “swatting“, used against law-abiding persons with registered guns

Aside from the above, there are other salient proposals to reduce gun violence and promote gun-safety. With lawmakers in branches of government divided on this issue, bipartisanship is evermore needed to enact law, to be doable. Nevertheless, while humanity can do its best to find, prioritize and act on solutions, still, we have limits and boundaries.

Starts with the Mind

Inanimate objects like guns or knives don’t have life of their own to harm or not; only the person decides. Since this issue is difficult and sensitive, controversy then continues to no end.

Be that as it may, these proposals do not address the core issue of “mental state“ that changes later. Notwithstanding the concerted efforts of the nation through it’s representatives, it is the “mind” of the people that decides whether to engage in or act out violence, harming others or not. Undoubtedly, it is the “mind-set” of a person that makes him/her to act out violent behavior. It can be a mental disease/disorder or the mental state of any “Tom, Dick and Harry”. And, this “mind” is a composite of what collectively the person developed from birth and matured into adulthood. It is an accumulation of what the person concludes to be the best for self-interest or self-preservation that makes the person. History is replete with examples to buttress this mental mechanism to act which requires MOM (motive, opportunity, means); no pun intended. Understandably, assault weapons compared to glock or knife, as “means“, have ease of use to kill more people, should their sale be banned? Culture and philosophy in politics also play a role in how the person thinks and acts.

Still, what can be done about this problem of the “mind“? Behavioral health providers proposed ways and means to help alleviate this problem. But, there are myths and evidenced-based facts on this regard and statistics are incomplete. According to a Northwestern study, available gun violence data doesn’t show full picture.

Loopholes in the law are also factors. According to a new Duke Health analysis, “People with serious mental illnesses who use guns to commit suicide are often legally eligible to purchase guns, despite having a past record of an involuntary mental health examination and brief hospitalization,“

With that said, Glen Geher, PhD. was pessimistic and was quoted “if the violence problem is due to mental health issues, the future is bleak“. “In fact, in a powerful Psychology Today post from 2015, his colleague Jean Twenge provides a mountain of data speaking to the facts that

(a) a broad array of psychological disorders, including depression and anxiety, have increased in frequency since the 1980s and

(b) this observed pattern is not exclusively the result of over-diagnosis. In short, our nation is getting less and less mentally healthy with time

The problem is multifactorial and not just because of mental health according to Dr. Geher. One can then argue that because of the complexity surrounding gun-violence, that this is all the more reason to favor gun-control and allow gun ownership license only at home or elsewhere for self-defense consistent with 2A. Additionally, the responsibility and obligation to defend others devolve to a “regulated militia” aka, police authorities in the city, state or federal governments under subordination to or governed by civilian power.

While collectively as a nation we must endeavor urgently to find ways and means to solve domestic and foreign terrorism, at best, humanity can only do so much. Clearly, an all-encompassing solution to this “crisis in gun violence” is not in the offing. Yet, wasn’t the perfect solution alluded to, generations ago? Read on.

Man Created with Weakness

What is wrong with humans? In all of our history, there is good and evil done by humans. Governments rise and fall, wars and rumors of war all throughout, etched in memories written or not. Certainly, there are progress, advancements, peace and prosperity. A good man can do bad things and an evil man can become good, as we define for ourselves what is good/evil at any given time; no consistency in action. Also, there are many laws in the book, many are laws of morality, but not followed nor enforced, why?

This brings to mind the same problem with Israel and the Law, specifically moral laws, the Decalogue. And apostle Paul explained why we do what we do and do what we don’t like to do in Romans 7 as highlighted in Romans 7:18 (KJV)

“For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not.”

Romans 7:14For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.”

From the preceding, Paul addressed one of the 2 components of man: physical component which is the “flesh“,i.e., “carnal” that came from the ground/earthy. Obliquely, the other component was intimated: the “breath of life”, aka “spirit of man”, which is spiritual as it was breathe into Adam’s nostrils directly from God who is spirit-composed. He echoed the principle that in “flesh” dwells “no good thing” as far as God is concerned, even with “all righteousness coming from it“, rendered to be as “filthy rags“. This was understood later by Job that in spite of him following the moral Law perfectly on his own, he was still a sinner (assigned to the sin of Adam) that needs a Savior; “My ears had heard of you but now my eyes have seen you”

Essentially, the Law is spiritual (moral laws) and therefore requires “spiritual/moral power“ to overcome the “lust of the flesh“. There is “war/conflict” between our mind and flesh and that we are incapable on our own to consistently follow the “spiritual/moral law“ until the “Helper”, Spirit-power in-dwells in the “real you” to empower us.

And once this Helper/Advocate is given to human beings, it will write the laws in our heart and mind (no longer in tables of stone) to guide, teach and empower towards seeing the truth. And this Holy Spirit was given only AFTER man-Jesus was resurrected and went to the Father.

With the in-dwelling of the Holy Spirit, we were commanded to :

Galatians 5:16-17 But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not carry out the desire of the flesh. For the flesh sets its desire against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, so that you may not do the things that you please“.

Galatians 5:16-26So I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the flesh. For the flesh desires what is contrary to the Spirit, and the Spirit what is contrary to the flesh. They are in conflict with each other, so that you are not to do whatever you want. But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law. The acts of the flesh are obvious: sexual immorality, impurity and debauchery; idolatry and witchcraft; hatred, discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions and envy; drunkenness, orgies, and the like. I warn you, as I did before, that those who live like this will not inherit the kingdom of God. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law. Those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. Since we live by the Spirit, let us keep in step with the Spirit. Let us not become conceited, provoking and envying each other.


Gun violence is a major and urgent problem for all of humanity. This will continue in spite of our best efforts because of inherent “temporary weakness” of our physical/material creation. Evil starts in the “mind” aka “spirit-of-man” which was created as a “temple”/template. It starts there, whether they be gun violence, sexual abuse, greed, pride, hatred, etc. and for that matter, any temptation or “pull of the flesh”. Yes, we can change our mind, on our own, through experiential education, like Job. However, this will not last nor be consistent as strong forces dominate self-interest and self-preservation. Our “very best efforts” are like filthy rags“. Our “mind/spirit-of-man” needs an Helper/Advocate to empower it to help us to consistently be against evil as proven by man-Jesus after in-dwelling of the Holy Spirit at River Jordan. But, rejoice, as this inadequacy of man will be eventually empowered by the promised “in-dwelling” of the Holy Spirit to work with our spirit-of-man” to follow moral laws.

Let us therefore ask and pray to be “baptized with the Holy Spirit“ as man-Jesus was and follow him, the in-dwelling “Spirit of Christ”, in us, consistently, Our development and maturity are still in the process of “ongoing creation” to be “one” with the Father.

God bless 😊🙏😇

Original post of Hyperlink version: August 4, 2019

Updated Sept 2, 2019

Modified March 23, 2021

Addendum: May, 2022 Another mass “school shooting”, 21 dead in Ugalde Texas, USA.

Sabbath-Rest, Remember and Keep Holy? Relevance and how?

From the beginning, seven days have been established to comprise the week. This was counted from “sunset-to-sunset, “even-to-even,” And the 7th day is acknowledged to be Saturday in Julian and Gregorian Calendars.


The controversy is not about when is the 7th day, which is accepted worldwide for centuries to be Saturday. Rather, it is about how people keep it holy, aka., when to worship; Saturday, Sunday or any day. Does the mandate “remember (the 7th day Saturday sabbath) to keep it holy” really refer to a “worship-day, a specific day of the week to worship God ? Or , is this a planned time-period for this “rest”? What could be the reason for this “rest” that maybe a predicate to what God will do in the future. And, why was this instituted early on at Genesis creation and its relevance for the future? Moreover, does “Sabbath-rest” really mean no work for humans and God?

The 4th commandment about Sabbath-keeping is in the Decalogue which is a summary of Mosaic laws numbering 613 according to Rabbi Simlai in the 3rd century or the more accepted breakdown 365 according to Maimonides in the 12th century. But, many Christians confine the Decalogue to the Ten Commandments and called Aseret ha’Dibrot in Judaism.

It has been emphasized by “sabbath-keepers” that the 7th day/Saturday as the only one that has a mandate to “remember to keep it holy” in 22:42.(Doug Batchelor). Accordingly, other days are not to be, when people have to come to worship.

However, traditional Christianity maintains the day of worship, thereby keeping it holy, is on Sunday, 1st day of the week, because of change to the day of “the Lord’s resurrection”. Sunday resurrection is assumed because of an “empty tomb” which is an indirect proof , questionable for many reasons and because of “3 days and 3 nights like Jonah”. Nobody actually saw the actual event of resurrection, although numerous reliable witnesses attested for this post-facto and died taking this belief with them to the grave. Other Christians consider everyday holy sabbath, which functionally maybe tenable. So, this subject is indeed a “head-scratcher”.

As this is a contentious subject, proper analysis is needed, as guided by the Holy Spirit of truth.


The etymology of the English word “remember” comes from the Hebrew word “sakar/zawkar:02142/02145” meaning to mark, mention, recognize, be mindful. There are 253 occurrences in 12 translation of the word translated “remember” in English. In the Old Testament it is found 178x. In Greek, it is “mnēmoneúō:3421/3420”, and found 75x in the New Testament, with the same meaning as in Hebrew.

N. B. Every time remember” is used, it always refers to what happened in the past in relation to what the future holds.

Keep it Holy:

Now that we know the context of what “remember” means, the next question is “how to keep it holy”. On this regard, we can only depend on what God told us through biblical records on “how” and his definition of “holy”.

History shows many churches, denominations and religious groups differ in the minutiae of “how to keep it holy”. It will be unproductive and futile to enumerate these vicissitudes as the interpretation of others would not cut it.

Biblical principles:

Together, let us review salient verses and narrative of this 7th day.

In Genesis 2:2 we read, “And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done.”

In Genesis 2:3Then God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done”.

Notice that it was God who made it holy by resting after he finished his work as he planned. So, naturally he ceased from creating material things. He stopped creating, not due to Him being tired as Isaiah 40:28 says,

The everlasting God, the Lord, the Creator of the ends of the earth, neither faints nor is weary.

And, He made it holy by resting on that 7th day, way before any covenants, including the Old Covenant. He was completely finished with His “material creative work” like plants , animals and man. Heavens and earth were already created in Genesis 1:1; that includes sun, moon, stars, earth, etc. The creation of “spirit-composed angels” were not referred to and had to be before the 6-days “re-creation”.

When the “heavens and earth” were created, as expected, they were “perfect”. God may do “templates”, “images like humans that were “incomplete”, but nothing “imperfect” was ever made by God.

But, in Genesis 1:2 the earth became “without form and void and darkness was upon the face of the deep” most likely because of the “war in heavens” when Satan and 1/3 rd of angels rebelled against God. Then towards the end of Genesis 1:2-10, there was “reforming the creation” with light (covered by darkness) then re-appearing to divide from darkness (Night and Day; sun-moon-stars) and firmament(heaven) dividing the waters. Seas and dry land came about. God then looked at His creation, declared it “very good” (Genesis 1:31), and ceased from His finished timed and planned creation-activity.

Notice that he instituted this Sabbath-rest after Genesis 1:2; after “re-doing” the “earth which became without form and void and darkness was upon the face of the deep” , the first day of the week.

Additionally, there was no mandate for humans to “rest on the 7th day until Israel left Egypt. Referring back to original Old Covenant with Israel and Judah with Moses as mediator, in Exodus 20:8-11 it states:

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it

Included were “all within the gates” of Israel-Judah (including strangers/Gentiles) , no human should “work” on the 7th day as even the Creator-God ceased”, as planned and timed, from his “reforming the creation”( compare Genesis 1:2 and v-2). And, it was God who blessed and hallowed the 7th day; made it holy. Keeping it holy by not working that 7th day”.

But then, here in Luke 13:10-17On a Sabbath, Jesus was teaching in one of the synagogues, and a woman was there who had been crippled by a spirit for eighteen years.She was bent over and could not straighten up at all. When Jesus saw her, he called her forward and said to her, “Woman, you are set free from your infirmity.” Then he put his hands on her, and immediately she straightened up and praised God. Indignant because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, the synagogue leader said to the people, “There are six days for work. So come and be healed on those days, not on the Sabbath.”The Lord answered him, “You hypocrites! Doesn’t each of you on the Sabbath untie your ox or donkey from the stall and lead it out to give it water? Then should not this woman, a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan has kept bound for eighteen long years, be set free on the Sabbath day from what bound her?”When he said this, all his opponents were humiliated, but the people were delighted with all the wonderful things he was doing.”

Notice, that “man-Christ Jesus“( the incarnated LOGOS,El-Shaddai, YHVH-Elohim, Creator-God) was “working on a Sabbath” as defined/understood by and to the chagrin of the synagogue leader. And Jesus rebuked the synagogue leader and called him “hypocrite” because “each of you on the Sabbath untie your ox or donkey from the stall and lead it out to give it water”.

So, while there was a general prohibition against “working on a Sabbath”, it was not “all-or-none”. They themselves freed, untied from bondage, the animals, and gave them water to drink. Exception has been accepted depending on situation and time, i.e. to free from bondage, set them free and drink water to live.

Also notice this exception in Mark 2:23-28 One Sabbath Jesus was going through the grainfields, and as his disciples walked along, they began to pick some heads of grain. The Pharisees said to him, “Look, why are they doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?”He answered, “Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were hungry and in need? In the days of Abiathar the high priest, he entered the house of God and ate the consecrated bread, which is lawful only for priests to eat. And he also gave some to his companions.”Then he said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”

Again, exemption with emphasis on hunger and in need of sustenance to forestall death . This narrative has relevance to the future.


From the preceding facts, one can take-home the following messages:

1. This Sabbath-rest was instituted by God and set aside from the “creation week” in Genesis as the 7th-day, the last day of that week. God “worked” 6 days and himself “rested” on the 7th day. By so doing he sanctified it, made it holy. Humans cannot make the day holy, only God can.

2. It predates any of the subsequent covenants. And, it was presented de-facto and not as a covenant with any human. As to whether God will resume his “workin the future was not revealed at that time.

3. There was no specific mandate for humans to “remember, to keep it holyuntil the time Israel was freed from Egypt’s slavery. So to speak, this “rest day” is a “coming-out-of-slavery/bondage- day” , aka, “freedom-day”. This highlights the “association of the day of rest with freedom from bondage.” While only God can make the day holy, humans were asked “to keep it holy” by not working on that day.”.

4. Every time the word “remember” is used, it always refers to what happened in the past in relation to what the future holds.

5. As the Creator-God “rested” from his work that was planned and finished, so must humans “rest from their works”. Not only Israel was mandated but also “strangers/Gentiles within their gates

6. The prohibition against “working that 7th day”, has exception related to “works” that refer to freedom from bondage from disease/life-limiting like hunger/death event and towards attaining “waters of life”. This serves as a “works-predicate” for what will happen in the future “at time appointed”.

How to Rest on the 7th day

The relevance of the Sabbath-rest is in the utility of the Advocate/Helper/Comforter in implementing and ensuring this “rest”.

God finished all his plannedwork and rested”, So, should humans work for 6 days and rest on the 7th day. But, he has a plan for “working again” in the future. As the Creator-God created heavens and earth and those on it in Genesis 1:1 and “re-did” the earth and others from Genesis 1:2-31, ceased from that planned work, so will he (at the appointed time) again “work” to create the “kingdom of God, all spirit-bodied through Jesus.

Genesis 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.”

Humans were really created in God’s image and likeness but “incomplete” and started as “templates”( temples ) where God will “in-dwell”

Currently, humans have not reached their “destiny” and do not have “dominion over all the earth” as we still die from diseases, accidents, etc. This promise is still future when we “change in a twinkling of an eye” from mortal to immortal spirit-composed bodies.

Adam and even now, humans are trying to attain salvation through their “own righteous works” which at best, are as “filthy rags. Salvation has to be from and because of God, not “human works so no one may boast as in:

Ephesians 2:8-9 For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works(by you), so that no one may boast.

It is really a gift of God, the Holy Spirit in-dwelling in us, such that “by grace we have been saved through faith”. Sabbath-rest comes when the “creative power/energy of God”, the “Comforter/Advocate”, the empowering tool, was given to resurrected Jesus Christ and to be subsequently given to humans, first to apostles, afterwards generally to others at Pentecost, then to “firstfruits” and “latterfruits” as planned from the foundation of the world. This is our “Sabbath-rest”, “God’s rest” with his Spirit working in us and not ourselves working out our salvation.

Yes, we rest, cease from working our own salvation(so not to boast) and consent freely (using freewill) for the Holy Spirit to be a “Helper” by in-dwelling in our “spirit-of-manto will and to work for his good pleasure”.

Appointed-time for Sabbath-rest

The appointed time for this event to happen , its fulfillment, was prophesied by Isaiah and was quoted by Jesus in Luke 4:16-21

“He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written:

“The Spirit of the Lord is on me,
because he has anointed me
to proclaim good news to the poor.
He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to set the oppressed free, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.” Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down.The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him. He began by saying to them, “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.”

Isaiah 11:2 The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him– the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of might, the Spirit of the knowledge and fear of the LORD”

Isaiah 61:1-2 (NKJV) “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon Me, Because the Lord has anointed Me To preach good tidings to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives, And the opening of the prison to those who are bound; To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, And the day of vengeance of our God; To comfort all who mourn –

John 1:32

New Living Translation

Then John testified, “I saw the Holy Spirit descending like a dove from heaven and resting upon him..

English Standard Version
And John bore witness: “I saw the Spirit descend from heaven like a dove, and it remained on him.

The “man-Christ Jesus“ was the first to receive this Holy Spirit directly from the Father at Jordan River that rested in and empowered him to overcome Satan in the wilderness and to do miracles. Without this “power/energy”, he would not have done all these things. More importantly, this helped him to choose the Father’s will and not his own in Gethsemane.


Juxtaposing this to Paul’s teaching of freedom from bondage, death to life etc. not under the law that leads to death but law of spirit that leads to life, here in Genesis 2:1-3

“Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array. By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work. Then God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done.”

“For somewhere he has spoken about the seventh day in these words: ‘And on the seventh day God rested from all his work.’ There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God; for anyone who enters God’s rest also rests from his own work, just as God did from his.(Hebrews 4:4, 9,10,

New International Version
There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God;

New Living Translation
So there is a special rest still waiting for the people of God.

That day is today when “God rests in us”, i.e., in-dwell in us through the Holy Spirit and does for us His will, as in “not my will but let your will be done”.

Mark 14:36: And he said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for you. Remove this cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will.” (ESV)

Luke 22:42: Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done.” (NIV)

Philippians 2:13

New Living Translation
For God is working in you, giving you the desire and the power to do what pleases him.

English Standard Version
for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.

In the same way that this “power/energy” was the mechanism to “re-do” the earth that was void and formless as in Genesis 1:2 “…the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.”, so shall it “re-shape” the “marred clay” as in Jeremiah 18:4 this time period.

The Holy Spirit is a “power tool” that automatically works in us ( with our consent) to do the works as we rest like God rests. But we need to push the bottom, say yes to it for it to work. ...”like any automatic power tool” turning the electric switch or pressing on “power on devices”.

Because “all our righteous acts are as filthy rags”, therefore let us all “rest” as God rests, while we let the Holy Spirit of power “work in us” to “will and to work for his pleasure”. Not our “own works”( as we are resting), but the “works and fruits of the Holy Spirit”.

Notice that God is consistent in “working” although “resting” as in Genesis where his creative power is expressed by the Holy Spirit. What the Holy Spirit is doing is still “work of God” ( the origin of this power) although emphasis is placed on his “rest” as it was his “power of the Holy Spirit in-dwelling or resting in us” actually working with our “freewill to consent” and allow “not my will but your’s be done”.

Remember how and what humans do to perform and create? When we were created, our composition inherently has “limits and boundaries” for a reason. Historically, in paleolithic age, they think, then to perform work they use their hands; nothing happened without “lifting a finger”. Then they used “stone tools”, but humanity advanced when discovery and invention occurred, then “more powerful tools” were used to “perform work”.

This shows how, those with “in-dwelling of the Holy Spirit”, are “resting now” . Also, the “future spirit-composed members of the God-kingdom“ will not useany muscle or material body” because they will be “spirit-bodied” and will use this “empowering spirit-energy” to create and work. Indeed, God is teaching us that work can be done “without lifting a finger” because of this “newly gifted power”. Remember, the Genesis creation on how he worked/created: the “spirit of God” moved upon the face of the waters, he spoke and it was done, just his word and things happened. This is “human destiny”.

Thank God for this power/energy given as a gift by God to us on grace, through the faith of/and in Jesus Christ, the trailblazer, author and finisher of our faith.

Let us therefore “remember to keep the Sabbath holy” by “resting” while following the “law of the Spirit”, that brings forth “fruits”, not just on holy Saturday/Sunday that should continue, but “everyday” using ( not our own power which is lacking) the “power/energy” that comes with the “in-dwelling” of the Holy Spirit.

God bless👍😇🙏

Original post: March 12, 2021

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Critique is welcome at after reading all for context.

Old and New Covenant?

Before we embark on this journey, let us be crystal clear on what a covenant is.

By definition, a covenant is a written agreement between 2 or more parties, where one proposes what is required from another to perform in return for a reward. In whatever manner that makes it official, binding and enforceable, it is generally ratified, sealed, stamped or recorded.

There were many covenants starting with Adam, Noah, Abraham etc. But these particular ones for analysis this time, were specifically called such, because they were based on time/change.

Anyone steeped in religion knows that the covenant referred to as “Old Covenant” became “old” because it has been replaced by a “New Covenant” as prophesied and planned.

The Old Covenant:

The following verse that addresses its specificity, proved this point:

Jeremiah 31:31-32Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judahnot according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the Lord.”

Notice from the preceding verse, the following caveats about this particular and specific Old Covenant;

1. Transitory

That it will be changed, as prophesied and not the same as originally laid out. But, what that change in particular will be revealed and understood in the future.

2. Parties to the Covenant

It was a covenant with the Lord, aka.,God-Creator who was Yahweh to Moses, El Shaddai to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob but LOGOS/Word to John. The same person incarnated to “man-Christ Jesus”. It was made specifically with the nation Israel which subsequently was divided, after reign of King Solomon and succeeded by Rehoboam, into the northern house of Israel with Samaria as capital, and southern house of Judah with Jerusalem as capital.

3. When was it?

And as to the time when this occurred, it was when Israel was taken “by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt”, not before. It was after Israel was freed by God from slavery in Egypt.

4. There was a mediator

That it was through a mediator(Moses) at Mt Sinai as in Exodus 20:18-21. “Now when all the people saw the thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking, the people were afraid and trembled, and they stood far off and said to Moses, “You speak to us, and we will listen; but do not let God speak to us, lest we die.”Moses said to the people, “Do not fear, for God has come to test you, that the fear of him may be before you, that you may not sin.” The people stood far off, while Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.

5. The Covenant itself

The core of the agreement between God and Israel was specifically identified as the Ten Commandments written in 2 tables of stones as in Deuteronomy 9:10 The LORD gave me two stone tablets inscribed by the finger of God. On them were all the commandments the LORD proclaimed to you on the mountain out of the fire, on the day of the assembly.

And Israel agreed to follow, as in: Exodus 19:7-8. “…All that the Lord hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the Lord.”

6. Reward for following

The reward for following the Covenant was:“Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth is Mine” (Exodus 19:5-6) and take them to the “land of milk and honey”

7. Marriage covenant

God (El-Shaddai/Yahweh/LOGOS) was a “husband” to them in this covenant. It was therefore a marriage covenant that bonded God and Israel as husband and wife.

Notice there was “marriage” contract already without period of courtship, engagement, wedding ceremony as in our culture and in Hebrew culture.

8. Israel-Judah broke the agreement.

Soon after the agreement, Israel broke that covenant. And, subsequently God divorced Israel as in Jeremiah 3:8 Then I saw that for all the causes for which backsliding Israel had committed adultery, I had put her away and given her a certificate of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear, but went and played the harlot also.

9. What is the sign of this covenant that ratified and sealed it ?

Exodus 24:4-8: “And Moses wrote all the words of the Lord, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel. And he sent young men of the children of Israel which … sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the Lord. And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basins; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the Lord hath said will we do, and be obedient. And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord hath made with you concerning all these words.”

In essence, the Old Covenant comprised the Ten Commandments written in 2 tables of stone, agreed upon by the whole Israel, ratified by the blood of oxen, enforceable and to be rewarded for Israel to be a “special treasure to Me above all people” and dwell in the “land of milk and honey”

Why was the Old replaced with a New,

The reason for replacement of the Old Covenant was because it was faulty.

Consider Hebrews 8:7 “For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.”

Certainly, there was no need for the first covenant to be changed if it was faultless. But, where does this fault emanate? Was it coming from the Decalogue itself? Not really, as the following verses proved;

Psalm 19:7. “”Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.”

Psalm 19:7-8The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul; the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple; the statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes;

This verse was quoted by Paul in Romans 7:12 “Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.”

The Law is eternal, an everlasting covenant as in Psalms 119:160All your words are true; all your righteous laws are eternal.”(NIV)

Luke 16:17 And it is easier for heaven and earth to pass away than for one tittle of the law to fail.” ( emphasized its primacy over heaven and earth).

Matthew 19:17 So He said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good but One, that is, God. But if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments.”

Paul also reiterated it’s everlasting enforceability in Romans 3:31 “Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.”.

Matthew 5:17 Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill”

Precisely, that the Law/Decalogue which is “just, holy and good“, “perfect and pure” cannot be at fault. Instead, it is eternal, and was established.

And fulfilling it is essential to enter into life. (as man-Jesus did) as in:

Revelations 22:14Blessed are those who do His commandments, that they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter through the gates into the city. But outside are dogs and sorcerers and sexually immoral and murderers and idolaters, and whoever loves and practices a lie.”

I Corinthians 6:9-10 Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor homosexuals, nor sodomites, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners will inherit the kingdom of God.”

Moreover, it is an “all or none law”, as in “For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he is guilty of all”

Unfortunately, some well respected people interpret these verses wrongly, reach a different conclusion and say otherwise with “three absolute proofs that the covenant which disappeared was not the Ten Commandmentsjust because the reasons given were that the Decalogue has “poor promises, but not faulty and not void”. Obviously their interpretation and logic do not comport with the truth. So, what is the proper interpretation of where the fault lies?

Where does the fault lie?

If not the Decalogue itself, where is the fault?There were only 2 parties to this agreement and God can not be at fault. So, where does the fault come from? Here it is;

Hebrews 8:8“For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: “

Hebrews 8:9 “Because they continued not in my covenant … I regarded them not.”

As the preceding verses proved, the fault was on Israel, the other side to this agreement and not on God. Still, it begs a corresponding question:

Why was the human side at fault?

Truly, Israel did not follow the Decalogue and sinned. Still, why do humans violate the commandments of God whose infinite power was known to them through many of their experiences? Why do we sin? Paul explained this as taught by Jesus’ in-dwelling in him:

Yes, by nature, the spirit is “willing”!and the flesh is“weak, as created and subject to temptation(sin-prone flesh) although “fearfully and wonderfully madeas in Psalms 139:14 and the “angels shouted for joy” as in Job 38:7. Weak in the sense of still missing a component for the “living being” as in Genesis 2:7 (NIV). That missing link was the “ Holy Spirit(spirit-power of God)” that would be given as in Romans 8:4 to empower the “spirit-of-man that is willing” to “walk not after flesh but after the Spirit(Romans 8:4 KJV). Humans have “sin-prone nature” (subject to temptation) but not a “sin-nature”. Job and “man-Christ Jesus” did not succumbed to temptation on their own altho Job was still counted with the sin of Adam and needs a Savior, while man-Jesus does not as he “came from above.

Romans 8:3-4 “For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful (hamartia) flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.”(KJV). This is why the “flesh” will be changed “in a twinkling of an eye” but through a process of first having the spirit-of-man/breath of lifein “onenesswith the Holy Spirit of the Father.

The timing behind giving that empowering “Holy Spirit” was after Yahweh-Elohim’s incarnation to man-Christ Jesus” to be the “first of the firstfruits/wavesheaf”, to receive this power as a gift to be the “captain/trailblazer” of our faith. And, this was “based on hope for man-Christ Jesus, “flesh Christ” hopefully as a human”, but with the “in-dwelling Holy Spirit” at Jordan River, will go through with the foundational plan to die as a Passover for the sins of all humanity (to take on the consequence of sin which is eternal death towards our salvation ) as a reconciliation with the Father.

Consider Romans 8:20 For the creature was made subject to vanity(mataoites/frailty-depravity), not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope,(ESV). Note: The Father who is omniscient preferred to base this on hope even for “man-Jesus”and hope that is seen is no longer hope”. The Father’s hope on man-Jesus materialized as Jesus “delivered” by following the guidance of the Holy Spirit in him.

As promised, the Father then resurrected Jesus, (the first human to become the begottenSon of God” according to his plan) and directly gave him the “empowering Spiritfor others as well (through Christ).

This fact that there is inherent flaw at creation, “spirit (of man) is willing but the flesh is weak” was emphasized 3 times before “man-Christ Jesus” was to die for mankind. Consider Matthew 26:42-44 at 3rd time Jesus saw them sleeping he said the same words at the 2nd time.

O my Father if this cup may not pass away from me except I drink it, thy will be done “.

Yes, man-Christ Jesus” had to voluntarily agree to die , i.e., to “drink the wine/blood” as a Passover. If Jesus did not die, he would not have been resurrected as “Son of God to receive the “Comforter/Holy Spirit” for us, as in John 16:7.

This narrative in the garden of Gethsemane was a teaching moment for all of us, too.

Jesus received as a gift the in-dwelling of the Holy Spirit directly from the Father to overcome Satan and do miracles. and so shall we be “overcomers”, too.

After resurrection, Jesus then received the Holy Spirit from the Father to be given to us; as a gift first to the disciples in particular and subsequently in general to others at Pentecost. With the “in-dwelling of the Holy Spirit”, we will then “bear fruits”. All our own “righteous acts are as filthy rags”; and so, our righteousness has to come through Christ via the Holy Spirit bearing fruits.

Instead of human’s effort or “human works through the flesh” as in “we will do on our own,” the “work” has to be as in “to make you perfect in every good work … working in you.” And that is through the mechanism of “in-dwelling of the Holy Spirit” that empowers the “spirit-of-man and flesh” (living being) to overcome evil and follow the Law. But, how is this power made available? Because of what Jesus did on the cross: “Through the shedding of Jesus’ blood of the everlasting covenant.”

The New Covenant:

The New Covenant is basically the same as the Old Covenant except in the manner of execution to fortify the fault inherent in the previous agreement, which is the “wiling spirit-of-man and weak flesh”.

1. What comprised this New Covenant?

The core of the agreement between God and Israel did not change. It is still the Ten Commandments. But instead of prohibitive and with negative tone “thou shall not”, it is now prescriptive and positive as in “bear the fruits of the Holy Spirit”, and “against such, there is no Law”. By, “walking and followingthe guidance of the in-dwelling Holy Spirit, one “bears fruits”, thereby actually following the Law given to Moses but now Law of the Spirit. Not our own righteous acts/works which are “filthy rags”, but the “works of the Holy Spirit” in us which are “sweet/pleasing aroma/savor” to the Father.

Remember, Matthew 5:18 For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished”(ESV).

Yes, “until all is accomplished.” And, it was “man-Christ Jesus” who fulfilled all of the Ten Commandments and “bear fruits of the Holy Spirit” in-dwelling in him from the baptism at River Jordan by the Father. Jesus is the “trailblazer, captain of our faith”for us to be led to the path and process of salvation. So, the “letter of the Law written on tables of stone” has been changed and is now the “Law of the Spirit written in our “mind and heart of flesh through the power of the Holy Spiirit for us to follow and also “bear the fruits” which are;

Galatians 5:22-23 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control. Against such there is no law.”

This is the “rest” that Paul was referring to, not our own works as in:

Hebrews 4:9-11 There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God; for anyone who enters God’s rest also rests from their works, just as God did from his. Let us, therefore, make every effort to enter that rest, so that no one will perish by following their example of disobedience.”

Genesis 2:2-3 By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work. Then God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done.

Exodus 20:8-10 “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns.

Psalms 55:6 “ I said, “Oh, that I had the wings of a dove! I would fly away and be at rest.”

Mark 2:27 “Then he said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath.

This is the rest Jesus called us to in Matthew 11:28 “Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest.”

Notice that it was God who blessed and made that 7th day holy, Not you, me or anybody else. Only God can make it “holy”. Although, we have to “remember and keep it holy“. It is God who will be “working in you through “in-dwelling of the Holy Spirit”. For us to keep the Sabbath “holy”, it has to be through God’s power to do the “works “, i.e., God “working in you” as in Philippians 2:13

2. To whom was the New Covenant? Still Israel but now counted as referring to “children of promise”, “not after the flesh” but after the Spirit. Gentiles with the Holy Spirit are “grafted to Israel”.

3. When was the New Covenant instituted?Similar to the Old Covenant when “Israel was taken out of slavery in Egypt”. Figuratively for New Testament believers, Egypt represents our old life of slavery to sin. Essentially, the timing was when Jesus died and resurrected to receive the Holy Spirit from the Father to take the road to freedom from “slavery of Egypt”. Remember, as Israel had to spend years to reach the promised land “flowing with milk and honey”, so shall it will take some time for us to be sanctified and become “sons and daughters of the God-kingdom”.

4. It was a Marriage Covenant.

Yahweh-Elohim/El Shaddai/Logos was married to Israel of old, but was divorced because Israel violated the agreement. After incarnation to man-Christ Jesus, he died and can now be married to another, but to “spiritual Israel”.

It was a marriage agreed upon by both parties that will bring out “children of God”. Personally, I think the wedding has happened and now producing sons and daughters of the God -Kingdom”.

5. Ratified and sealed: As the Old Covenant was ratified by blood, the New Covenant was also ratified by the blood of the Passover Lamb/man-Christ Jesus and was sealed by the Holy Spirit dwelling in us.

6. Mediator of New Covenant is superior. As the Old Covenant has a mediator Moses, we now have a mediator as in Hebrews 8:6, Jesus as mediator of the new covenant.

But in fact the ministry Jesus has received is as superior to theirs as the covenant of which he is mediator is superior to the old one, since the new covenant is established on better promises.

The better promises refer to the promise of “in-dwelling Holy Spirit” that will bring out to deliver “sons and daughters of the God-Kingdom”. The promise to Israel was not just land from River of Egypt to Euphrates River as in Genesis 15:18-21 but to “spiritual Israel” ( those with in-dwelling of the Holy Spirit) as promised to Abraham’s seed(not seeds).

7. Written agreement, how?

Just like the Old Covenant, the New covenant was also a written agreement but this time using a different method of re-writing it.

Jeremiah 31:33 “But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.”

This was written in the fleshy tables of our heart and mind through the Holy Spirit; unlike the Old Covenant written in “tables of stones” and with the “finger of God.” And this was written into the disciples and in Pentecost and beyond, not with the “finger of God” but by breathing it out directly into them.

8. What will the Holy-Spirit do to empower the “spirit-of-man”/“breath-of-life”?

Ezekiel 36:24-25For I will take you from among the nations, gather you out of all countries, and bring you into your own land. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. Notice: process of sanctification

Jeremiah 31:34 “No longer will they teach their neighbor, or say to one another, ‘Know the Lord,’because they will all know me,from the least of them to the greatest, declares the Lord. “For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.” Notice: guidance to truth.

Matthew 5:18 “For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled.” (fulfilled by man-Jesus who was appointed Son of God by resurrection) as empowered by the Holy Spirit and so will other “sons/daughters of God). Notice: with the empowering in-dwelling of the Holy Spirit and our willingness to follow its guidance, we will fulfill the Law, entirely, through the Law of the Spirit.

Romans 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.” ( Fulfillment of the law on your own does not cut it; it has to be “fruits of the Holy Spirit” which was attained by Christ for us who ended the law of righteousness on our own” so now our righteousness is a result or “fruits” of the gift of the empowering Holy Spirit.

9. What is the reward?

Following the guidance of the Holy Spirit to be in “oneness with the Father”, has a reward. Much like that the Old Covenant has reward to Israel as promised in Exodus 3:17 the reward for the New Covenant is more expansive and superior, in line with the promise to Abraham(Genesis 15:18-21; Genesis 17:4-6; Genesis 13:16, Genesis 15:5, Genesis 22:16-18) which actually is to his seed (not seeds, specific seed, “man-Christ Jesus”). And this can only be achieved in the context of creation of “immortal spiritual sons and daughters of the God-Kingdom” through the in-dwelling of the Holy Spirit.


The Old Covenant is a mutual agreement by God-Creator/El-Shaddai/Yahweh-Elohim/Logos to Israel/Judah, a marriage covenant with conditions and promises that was ratified with blood. As Israel/Judah did not fulfill her part, she was given a certificate of divorce. That Covenant was faulty and changed to New Covenant as planned. The fault was in the very composition of man, viz. “flesh+breath-of-life/spirit-of-man”.

Adam and subsequent patriarchs have the same intrinsic fault in their composition so they sinned as well. The fault is in the “breath-of-life/spirit-of-man” which is willing but the “flesh is weak”. As originally created, it has a “missing link” that would fortify this flaw which will be revealed later through the “incarnated Creator-God”, man-Christ Jesus. As written: until the seed should come” (Galatians 3:19).

Israel/Judah violated the Old Covenant because the “spirit is willing but flesh is weak (needs to be empowered in the future) and was made so, subject to futility/failure predicated on “hope” for the comingman-Christ Jesus” (the incarnated Creator-God) so that we “by grace, will be saved through faith of Jesus. This “hope on him materialized, to the Father’s expectation, at Gethsemane, at which time Jesus said “not my will but yours be done for him to be crucified and die for the sin of humanity (imputed/counted on one-man sin of Adam) for reconciliation with the Father as planned . Notice that in Gethsemane, the “will of Jesus” was “let this cup pass from me”, not to experience the harrowing and excruciating death by crucifixion. But he had “faith and trust” in that the Father will fulfill his promise to him, so, “not my will but your’s be done”. This is why our “spirit-of-man/breath-of-life” has to defer to the “Holy Spirit” as in DNA helix bond.

The Law of Moses was brought in/introduced so that people would see how sinful they were. The Old Law given to Israel was “added” and a tutor to lead us to Christ, “but after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor/guardian/schoolmaster” (Galatians 3:24-25). It was taken away and nailed to His cross (Colossians 2:14).

When Moses came down from Mount Sinai, his face shone because he had been speaking with God. But, after he finished speaking, he put a veil over his face, to remain until his next visit with Jehovah (Exodus 34:29-35). The veil hid the fact that the brightness of his face was fading (2 Corinthians 3:7), suggesting that the glory of the Old Covenant is now fading away, being superceded by a New Covenant with greater glory.

Similarly, notice the epexegesis of apostle Paul:

2 Corinthians 4:3-4And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing. The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of the gospel that displays the glory of Christ, who is the image of God”.

2 Corinthians 3:18And we all, who with unveiled faces contemplate the Lord’s glory, are being transformed into his image with ever-increasing glory, which comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit.”

2 Corinthians 3:7 But if the ministrationof death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away:”

But through Christ the veil is removed, and made believers to “open their eyes and turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me”.(Acts 26:18)

After resurrection, Jesus (as firstborn, Son of God) received directly from the Father, the promised “Comforter”, the power that was then given by Christ to us, first to the disciples, then in a general way at Pentecost and subsequently to us through an Ongoing Creation of the God-Kingdom. This is the quaesitum that empowers the “spirit is willing but the flesh is weak” and develops us from our nonage. This is the “gospel of Jesus Christ”, the “Ultimate Covenant” between El-Shaddai/Creator-God and the Father, before the foundation of the world.

Paul warned the Galatians to “Stand fast therefore in the liberty by which Christ has made us free, and do not be entangled again with a yoke of bondage” (Galatians 5:1).

Ezekiel 36:28 “Then you shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; you shall be My people, and I will be your God.

God bless👍😇🙏

Post published March 2, 2021

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Critique is welcome after reading all for context at