Two goats of the Day of atonement?
Controversy continues as to what these 2 goats of the day of atonement represent.
What is undeniable is that these 2 goats are for the atonement of sins. But, whose sins? From the narrative in Leviticus 16, the goat casted for YHVH (Lord) was killed and the scapegoat(Azazel, for departure) was presented alive to YHVH (Lord). The 1st goat was for the atonement of sins of mankind. But, what about the 2nd goat? Could the 2nd goat be for atonement of sins of the “fallen angels“?
Notice that in v-15, the killed goat was a sin offering for the sins of Israel and by extension includes that of Gentiles. On the other hand, in v-10, the “scapegoat” was presented alive and was sent into the “wilderness” (v-22, land not inhabited by humans). But why should Aaron after atonement of sins of Israel through the death of the first goat in v-16, again, in v-21,
“lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins..”?
Looking back at creation, angels and humans were all created by YHVH, the Word-Creator. Adam, representing humans, sinned and death came to all mankind. Similarly, Lucifer sinned and in fact took away with him a third of angelic beings. To be a substitute for humans, the second Adam (Jesus) has to be human as well.
YYHVH has to incarnate as man-Jesus to die for mankind. The parallel here, is shared by many, that the 1st goat that was killed represented the atoning sacrificial death of man-Jesus to reconcile mankind to God. But, how about the sins of angelic beings? Notice in V-10
“But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness.”.
Notice that the purpose of the live-goat was also for atoning of sins. But this time for whom? As the killed goat represented the Passover Lamb/Jesus for mankind, this time the atonement of the “live/resurrected” goat is for those in the “uninhabited land“, to reconcile them to God. There is no other created beings outside of humans who needed atonement but the “fallen angels”. And, they are indeed in the land not inhabited by humans. They are in “tartaros“(hell); not in “hades” where dead humans are.
As a goat that was killed, so was the man-Jesus killed. But as a resurrected Jesus, “he went and preached unto the spirits(fallen angels) in prison” (I Peter 3:19). These fallen angels are in “… chains of darkness,..”(2 Pet 2:4), “… everlasting chains...”(Jude 1:6). The sins of angels did not result in their death; they were still alive. So, a live Christ has to let live angels.
The live-goat (resurrected Jesus) with sins of mankind “upon the head of the goat” as proof, was showing these “fallen angels” about what he already did. That, as he did his atoning sacrifice for man, Jews and extended to Gentiles alike, so was he extending this atonement towards the “fallen angels” and they have to repent. As Jesus reconciled mankind to God with his death, having been resurrected and alive he can also atone and reconcile the “fallen angels” as he will be sitting in “the right hand of God”.
As YHVH, and the Word-Creator being the incarnate Jesus, these 2 goats foreshadow what Jesus would do in the future. He has provided a mechanism for atonement of all sins to reconcile all to God.
All created beings, humans and angels, will have a chance for atonement and salvation.
God bless 🙏😇
Original post: July 16, 2018
Hyperlink version posted 3/12/19